Bear And Bull Meaning


Every investor has to go through such phases since these situations are inseparable. In statistical terms, the market is bullish when a rise of 20% in the stock market’s performance is observed. On the contrary, if a downfall of the stock market of 20% or more is noticed, then a bearish market situation is highlighted. It exists when the prices – normally the closing prices – of securities or indexes that track a set of securities, typically those of equities, rise. While not every stock will necessarily increase, the market’s main equity indexes will. For example, during a bull market the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 can be expected to climb, even as some individual equities and sectors may not.

market sentiment

In other words, many wish to buy securities but few are willing to sell them. As a result, share prices will rise as investors compete to obtain available equity. Although a bull market or a bear market condition is marked by the direction of stock prices, there are some accompanying characteristics that investors should be aware of.

bull markets

When the price of the security is high, you’ll buy a lower number of shares, and when it’s low, you’ll buy a higher number of shares. For example, if you short 100 shares of ZYZY stock at $10.00, you’ll first sell them and receive $1,000 into your trading account. The negative share balance must be brought back to zero at some point by buying back the 100 shares. In the stock market, there are more restrictions on which stocks can be shorted and when. It might be said that the prevailing sentiment of participants in a bull market is greed or fear of missing out.

How do bull markets and bear markets differ?

Once he struck him, he quickly lifts his head in an upward move to mangle his opponent with his horns. In 2021, in the midst of the so-called “everything rally” where was on easy mode, the cryptocurrency market experienced another stratospheric run-up in prices. At the start of the year, the total crypto market cap was approximately $772 billion. By Thanksgiving it had climbed to just shy of $3 trillion, a nearly fourfold increase in less than a year. During a crypto bull run, corks are popping, Lambos are being bought left and right and we’re all strapped on a rocketship headed straight for the moon. As a noun, bear can refer to a person who believes that market prices, especially of stocks, will decline.

The late 90s and early 2000s witnessed some of the highest gains in a Bull Market time period, only to have dropped off after overvalued tech companies began selling off or failing. Since crypto traders are operating in a very similar environment as traders in the stock or the forex market, they simply adopted both terms. Another way to describe both trends is the French words Baisse and Hausse, with the former describing a bear market and the latter a bull market. The connection between the words and the trends is more obvious.

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Conversely, a bearish market represents declining stock prices, as it symbolically retreats down into hibernation. Understanding the contrast between bull vs. bear markets can help you feel more confident as an investor, especially when the stock market seems to be headed for a market downturn. In short, a bear market is when stock prices fall and a bull market is when prices go up. It’s easy to interpret the two terms as they are essentially opposites of one another. During a bear market, which is a steep drop in stock prices, you’ll typically also see low investor confidence and a perception that the market is risky. In a bull market, which is a continued rise in stock prices, you’ll likely see high investor confidence and a perception that there’s a strong economic environment.

A market that experiences steady growth is known as a bull market. On the other hand, a market that continuously falls is known as a bear market. These are the most basic price movement patterns which can be encountered on any financial market, not just crypto.

GDP increases when companies’ revenues are increasing and employee pay is rising, which enables increased consumer spending. GDP decreases when companies’ sales are sluggish and wages are stagnant or declining. In a bull market, the ideal thing for an investor to do is to take advantage of rising prices by buying stocks early in the trend and then selling them when they have reached their peak. The key determinant of whether the market is bull or bear is not just the market’s knee-jerk reaction to a particular event, but how it’s performing over the long term. Small movements only represent a short-term trend or a market correction.

Short and Shorting

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Still, investors shouldn’t just take these terms at face value. It’s important to define and understand the meaning of bull and bear as well as other Wall Street animals. It is conceptually clear that the methods have historical returns correlations of less than +1.00, and could therefore provide diversification benefits if combined in the same investor portfolio. The terms “bull market” and “bear market” describe upward and downward market trends, respectively, and can be used to describe either the market as a whole or specific sectors and securities. The terms come from London’s Exchange Alley in the early 18th century, where traders who engaged in naked short selling were called “bear-skin jobbers” because they sold a bear’s skin before catching the bear.

New customers need to sign up, get approved, and link their bank account. The cash value of the stock rewards may not be withdrawn for 30 days after the reward is claimed. S&P 500 stock index rose 418% from October 1990 to March 2000 before dropping. That’s when things got bearish, with the S&P 500 falling 40% through September 2002. During the Great Depression, investors and citizens attempted to run to the banks to withdraw their money, only to find that the banks no longer had any cash to give out, only amplifying the crisis further. 2008 Housing Market Bubble – Financial crisis started with a large number of subprime mortgages defaulting which led to banks collapsing or being overleveraged thus leading to a wide sell-off of stocks and high unemployment.

stock market crash

Prices remain significantly lower than highs seen in 2021 after a steep decline throughout 2022. What goes up must eventually come down, so it stands to reason the two most memorable crypto bear runs immediately followed the biggest bull runs in crypto market history. Bull markets are often categorized as secular or cyclical (indicating a shorter-term period of growth). In finance, a spread usually refers to the difference between two prices of a security or asset, or between two similar assets. A bear position is a term representing a short position taken on a financial security with the expectation of a drop in price. In a Bull market, individuals are bound to make profits at the end of the day.

Bear investor

In the past 92 years, there have been 21 bear markets in the S&P 500 prior to the current one, according to Yardeni Research. The shortest bear market was just 32 days and occurred at the start of the Covid-19 pandemic in early 2020. The economy is often considered to be in a recession when GDP falls for two straight quarters, although other metrics also play a role. Since 1945, the National Bureau of Economic Research identified 13 recessions, and there have been 13 bear markets, says Stovall. The stock market of any country in the world is like a heartbeat, which is volatile throughout, depending on various circumstances.

Interest aren’t rising in a way that’s seen as threatening to the market rally. The rise is broad-based, and most stocks gain, even if a company is doing poorly. Dan is a veteran writer and editor specializing in financial news, market education, and public relations. Earlier in his career, he spent nearly a decade covering corporate news and markets for Dow Jones Newswires, with his articles frequently appearing in The Wall Street Journal and Barron’s.

It was number 3 during both Bear and Wolf markets, and number 2 during both Bull and Eagle markets. It provided a relatively stable “middle of the pack” performance across all market environments, but outperformed the other “middle of the pack” performer during both Bull and Eagle markets. The “Time Wtd Avg Since Earliest Common Date” shown above is calculated by weighting the sum of each of the cumulative returns for each market instance with its corresponding time duration.

  • In the investing world, the terms “bull” and “bear” are frequently used to refer to market conditions.
  • Nothing on this website should be considered an offer, solicitation of an offer, tax, legal, or investment advice to buy or sell securities.
  • It was number 2 during both Bear and Wolf markets, and number 3 during both Bull and Eagle markets.
  • Regardless, while it’s easy to get caught up what’s happening in the market, experts generally suggest leaving your investments alone for the long haul.
  • Crypto winter is a term that was used to describe the situation during the bear market of 2018 and 2019.

Or the Fed may increase rates to make borrowing money more expensive, which can slow down the economy. Bull Markets are a time period in which people are investing more, unemployment is low, taxes could be low, inflation is steady and confidence is high. The Great Depression – Stock Market Crash of 1929 witnessed the largest drop in overall stock market value and the highest unemployment rate recorded in U.S. history. Post-2008 Crisis Bull Run – Stock market indexes hit all-time highs, investing in passive indexes and funds become popular and even survive the pandemic plunge in mid-2020.

High hopes of investors were disappointed time and time again until the market was almost freezing on low liquidity and volume finally finding its bottom. The term is still in use to describe a situation where investors expect the crypto market to go through very difficult times. The bull and the bear are two symbols that are also well known in the stock market.

An Overview of Bull and Bear Markets

Traders use these patterns to make predictions and profit, regardless of which way the market is going. “Dogs” are stocks considered to be poor performers or underperformers compared with industry peers or the broader market. If you’re a dove, or you’re “dovish,” you likely favor “easier” monetary policy and lower interest rates in hopes of stimulating the economy. Please note that the availability of the products and services on the App is subject to jurisdictional limitations. may not offer certain products, features and/or services on the App in certain jurisdictions due to potential or actual regulatory restrictions. However, it’s important to keep in mind that past performance does not guarantee future results.

Monetary PolicyMonetary policy refers to the steps taken by a country’s central bank to control the money supply for economic stability. For example, policymakers manipulate money circulation for increasing employment, GDP, price stability by using tools such as interest rates, reserves, bonds, etc. Conversely, in a bearish market, the banking sector will curb the usage of money for emergency situations prompting contractionary policies by the highest authorities. Expansionary PoliciesExpansionary policy is an economic policy in which the government increases the money supply in the economy using budgetary tools.

Both describe one of three trends that can be spotted in every market. The bull symbolizes the strong uptrend and optimism among investors. A bear market, on the other hand, is believed to be so named for the downward motion a bear makes with its claws while striking. Another leading theory on the term’s origin dates back to a 16th century proverb admonishing, “don’t sell the bearskin before you’ve caught the bear”. By early 18th-century England, the term “bearskin” was used as shorthand for speculative stock buying, which we call short-selling today. The expression “bull market” is thought to originate from the upward motion a bull’s horns make as it charges and attacks.

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